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25+ Road Safety Rules And Regulations In India

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12 Min Read

After the USA and China, India has the largest road network in the world. With over 4.1 million kilometres of roads paved, India has come a long way from mud-roads. Due to these humongous roads, every part and corner of the country is connected.

Treading on the Indian roads is also not an easy task, especially in the remote areas where there is a blatant disregard for the road safety rules in India. Due to this and a lot of other factors, the 2018 Road Safety Report by WHO found that India accounts for the most number of road accidents.

Road safety is not a matter of prejudice or self-esteem. It is a matter of staying alive. So, it is highly recommended that everyone follow the road safety rules in India and save lives.

Just like Gandhi Ji said, “Be the Change You Want to See in the World.” Let’s all pledge to do our bit and follow the road safety rules listed below.

Road Safety Rules And Regulations In India

1.   Left Hand Drive

The Indian driving system necessitates that all the vehicles drive on the left side of the road. The drivers who want to overtake must do from the right side. But that too according to the overtaking guidelines as you are not allowed to overtake on any type of road.

2.   Taking a Turn

There is a set sequence of events that you must follow while taking a right or left turn. To turn left, first steer the vehicle to the left while ensuring enough space between the tires and the pavement. Added to this, if you wish to turn to the right side, steer the vehicle to the right side of the road, and once you have taken the turn, make sure to drive on the left side of the road again.

3.   Clear Passage

There are certain points on the road where you are supposed to slow irrespective of any signboards. These are the junctions, intersections, crossings (pedestrians and otherwise), and corners of the roads. At any of these junctions make sure that you have the clear passage before moving ahead.

4.   Do Hand Signals

No Hand Signals are not the thing of the past, even in the modern era of automatic indicators, you must know the most important hand signals.

  • To Slow Down: With your right arm extended out of the window and palm in the downward direction, swing your arm up and down.
  • To Stop: Raise your forearm vertically.
  • To Turn Right: With your arm outstretched and palm to the front position.
  • To Turn Left: This one is interesting. No, you don’t have to move to the left side of the vehicle to extend your arm right. Stay on your seat and extend your arm out. Start rotating the arm in an anti-clockwise direction.

5.   Helmet is Necessary

Both the driver and pillion travelling on a two-wheeler need to wear the helmet mandatorily.

6.   Parking Restrictions

There are a few parking restrictions that you must adhere to. As per the road safety rules in India, you cannot park on any footpath, on the top of the hill, nearby to a traffic light, on any road which gets heavy traffic, at the entry gate of the school premises, a hospital, bus stand, or any other place where your vehicle will cause an obstruction of the traffic.

7.   One-Way Road

On a one way road, you cannot drive in any direction except for the one which is permitted by the road safety rules in India. Also, you cannot reverse the vehicle on a one-way road.

8.   Yellow Line

You are not supposed to cross the yellow line marked on the road. Even if you want to change lanes or overtake, give prior intimation to the vehicles coming from behind.

9.   No Horn

Well, this is going to be fun to observe. In India, as otherwise believed, honking is not allowed, except for when it is necessary. Further, you cannot honk in the silence zones. Also, you cannot install pressure horns, loud, shrill, multi-shrill, and any other form of disturbing horns.

10.  Follow the Rules

Well, it is strange, but the Indian government has to add this “follow the rules” in the list of road safety rules in India. Ironic, isn’t it?

11.  No Abrupt Brakes

Two vehicles driving on the road one behind the other have tread safely with a trust that the vehicle in the front won’t drive suddenly. And the breaking of this trust, in short, applying abrupt brakes is not allowed.

12.   Keep Distance

We all have read this statement, “Keep Distance” behind the large vehicles and trucks, haven’t we? Well, following it is also one of the road safety rules in India. The rationale behind this is that any vehicle which is driving at a certain speed will take some amount of time to come to a halt. And not keeping adequate distance might not be able to help you stop the car on time.

13.    Right of way on the Hills

If you are driving down the hill and see a vehicle up the hill, you must give the right of way to the other vehicle. Make sure to pull your car to the side of the road or if there isn’t enough space, just stop there.

14.   Speed Limit in Construction Zone

If you see an “Under Construction” or “Work in Progress” signboard anywhere on the road, reduce your speed to 25 Kmph, because that is also one of the road safety rules in India.

15.   No Passengers on Tractors

Yes, the high-pitched amplifiers installed on the tractors playing groovy songs looks and feels incredible. But before you would regret, it is not allowed to carry passengers on tractors or any other type of goods and commercial vehicles.

16.    Don’t Carry Goods

Apart from the pre-stated goods carrying limits, any vehicle that is overloaded with goods cannot tread the road. Plus, vehicles carrying goods that protrude out of the designated trailer space from any side (side or rear) is a danger to the public on the road.

17.    Love Driving Backwards? Don’t!

Well, you might feel like showing your adept driving skills by driving backwards. But before you do that, rest assured that it is not allowed except when necessary. Otherwise, driving backwards is prohibited and punishable by a fine.

18.    Not Well, Have Some Rest, but not in the car

You may want to drive even in some dire situations like fever or a headache. Well, your efforts are noted, but driving like this, you are a danger to yourself and others. So, as per the road safety rules in India, driving with bad health is also prohibited.

19.    The road is not a Racecourse

As much as you would like to test your new car’s horsepower and see how fast it goes, never do that. Breaching the speed limits set by the authorities is prohibited and punishable by a fine. Plus, by driving fast, you are risking a lot of lives other than yours.

20.    No Zig-Zag Driving

Especially if you are driving on a bike, it is highly recommended not to drive in a zig-zag form. You don’t know when another vehicle will come from behind.

21.    Coming on the Road

Whenever you are coming onto the road from inside a private property, don’t rush. Apply your brakes just before the road, check on both the sides for pedestrians, two-wheelers, and other vehicles. If you don’t see anything, honk once (once) and then move ahead.

22.    Look before you pass

Apart from overtaking, if you see a large vehicle taking a left turn and you are on the left side of the road, don’t rush to clear the road before the large vehicle takes the turn. Wait there, let the bigger vehicle take the left turn and then move ahead.

23.    Overtaking

As an essential road safety rule in India when you overtake another vehicle, do not enter your lane until and unless you can see the vehicle coming from behind in your rearview mirror.

24.    Don’t Double Overtake

Do not overtake a vehicle which is already overtaking another vehicle in the lane.

25.    Night Driving

The empty roads and cold breeze at night can allure you to step on the pedal and talk to the winds. Well, it may sound tempting, but restrict yourself. Driving at night is dangerous as you have lower visibility, and some other drivers may be driving at higher speed or driving under the influence. So, follow another one of the road safety rules in India and drive slow at night.

Road Safety Rules for Kids

A good practice is to educate your kids early regarding road safety and teach some basic rules. This is even more important if you want your kids to become self-reliant as they come of age. Furthermore, given their training at a younger age, they will be better equipped to learn about road safety in the future.

So, here are a few road safety rules in India for kids.

1.   While Crossing the Road

Teach your kids the thumb rule of the road crossing. Ask them to look on both the sides repeatedly and then cross the road when no vehicle is approaching. Also, teach them to stay on the pedestrian path until and unless the road is clear. Further, if they see a vehicle approaching, teach them to wait patiently and do not hop around on the pavement for fun. When crossing the road, patience and reserved behaviour are essential.

2.   What does Red, Yellow, and Green Means?

While driving around on the road if you happen to be waiting for the light to turn green, let your kids know what the lights mean. Tell them the importance of red, yellow and green lights.

3.   Use the Sidewalks

This one is one of the most difficult road safety rules in India as they won’t listen easily. While walking, teach the kids to stay on the sidewalk and never step on the road unannounced.

4.   The Importance of Zebra Crossing

The kids should know that whenever they have to cross the road, it has to be done from the zebra crossing. Kids are inquisitive. They will surely ask what does this mean. So, tell them all about the zebra crossing and why they are omnipresent at the intersections.

5.   No Waving or Imitating a Wave

It is normal for the kids to stick their hands outside the car window and wave it all the directions. Restricting them from doing that while telling them why extending their arm out is a grave risk that they must not take is vital. Plus, you may not be with your kid all the time when they decide to extend their arm out. They can do it on the school bus or while riding a train. So, educating them is essential

6.   Bicycle riding Rules

Another aspect of the road safety rules in India are the bicycle rules. In many metro cities, there are different pathways for cycles and the peddlers are supposed to use these roads only. First, any kid riding a bicycle to the school must use the dedicated bicycle roads. Plus, ask them to wear a helmet and attach headlights to the cycle.

7.   Getting in and out of the Vehicle

You must teach your kids the ways to get on and off from the bus or any other vehicle. Ask them to always get off on the curbside and open the car door slowly after taking a look at both the sides on the pavement.

8.   Stay Calm

Kids are hyperactive, and there is no doubt in that. But, as parents, it is your job to keep them safe and teach them basic manners while walking on the road.

Road Safety Rules for Cars

Driving a car is quite liberating; we all love to take the wheels around the city or to the hills. Don’t we? While driving on the road, there are some things that you must know or practice.

1.   Always Wear a Seatbelt

The motive of a seatbelt is to keep you positioned towards the back. If the car gets hit from the front or the back, the seatbelt will protect your head from banging on the car steering wheel. And the same goes for all the passengers in the car. They will also remain protected from head injuries.

2.   Restrict from using the phone

Mobile phones are one of the biggest distractions that you can encounter while driving. And this is one of the most important road safety rules in India that you should avoid all kinds of distractions, let alone a mobile phone.

3.   Don’t Mix Drink and Drive

All over the globe, people cause accidents due to drunk driving, which leads to road accidents. Even if you are an expert at driving and can win the Le Mans, alcohol deteriorates your thinking capacity and concentration levels, which are essential to driving.

4.   Take Care of your Car

Any sort of car issue, big or small, can lead to an accident while driving on the road. So, it is imperative that you keep your car in immaculate health. This will help you avoid sudden and abrupt distortions in the car, which can be risky.

Road Safety Rules for Bikes

The road safety rules in India pertaining to motorbikes are also provided for public safety. Riding on a 250cc motorbike might seem like a dream come true, but all the dreams can crash in a second if you were to avoid the traffic rules, harsh but the truth. Apart from all the general rules, you have read above, here are a few regulations specific to bikes.

1.   Enhance your Visibility

It is not new for an 18-wheel trailer to completely ignore a small-sized bike and risk hitting the bike from any side. So to protect yourself, always make sure that you are visible on the road. Add some reflective stickers to the helmet and other parts of the bike.

2.   Safety Gear

When riding on a bike, the helmet is not the only safety equipment that you should wear. There are knee guards, gloves, and other safety gear that you must carry along.

3.   Check the Weather

Wet and slippery roads are a biker’s worst enemy. Whereas the road safety rules in India dictate that every vehicle shall drive carefully in bad weather, bikers shall not drive in bad weather in any case.

4.   Insurance

This is imperative not only for bikes but every other vehicle that treads the roads. Plus, the Motor Vehicles Act, 2019 has mandated that having car and two-wheeler insurance is necessary.

What steps can be taken to improve Road Safety in India?

Road safety in India is not an individual matter. It lies under the domain of every single person who is living in this country. Only if we act together, we can make the Indian roads safer.

1. On the government’s part, it is essential that the roads are always maintained and boast good condition. In one hearing, the Punjab and Haryana High Court has said that Safe Roads is a fundamental right under Article 21.

2. We also need to raise awareness about the road safety rules in India. This can be done by road safety volunteers, NGOs and other influential institutions and personalities.

Road Safety Initiatives by the Indian Government

The Indian government plays a crucial role in advancing road safety and ensuring that every individual riding on these roads has proper knowledge and protection.

To fulfil these purposes, there are a few innovative programs and run by the government.

– Road Safety Cell: The Ministry of Road Transport and Highways (MORTH) had incepted a Road Safety Cell (Engineering) in the year 2015 to develop new ways and methods for improving road safety. This included audits, improvement works, and identification of the black spots.

– 4Es: The 4Es stand for Engineering, Enforcement, Education, and Emergency Care. This four-pronged approach will necessitate better road engineering, prompt and effective legislations, and better standards of the vehicles plus drivers.

– National Road Safety Policy: Under this policy, the Indian government will follow a multi-pronged approach to raise awareness about the road safety rules in India. This will also lead to the development of a road safety information database to help improve the accident’s investigation and data collection.

– Grants-in-aid: The Transport Ministry will provide grants to those NGOs and other institutions that will conduct road safety programs with an aim to raise awareness among the masses.

– Better Training: The drivers working in the unorganised sector and handling large vehicles will be given specific training under controlled settings. This step is posited to reduce the number of accidents caused by negligent driving by inexperienced drivers.

Road Safety Tips

Before we sign off, there are a few other things that you won’t find in the general traffic safety charters. These are the road safety rules in India that are also essential to follow and save lives.

Blindspot:

It is important always to check the blind spots while starting off, parking, and driving the car.

Don’t Drive immediately after waking up:

The reason is that the eyes are still sore from the sleep, and your mind is also not fully active. So, do not drive until you are fully conscious and mentally active.

No Overload:

Never carry more than four passengers in a hatchback or a sedan. Overloading the car might affect your driving efficiency due to extra and an increased amount of disturbance.

Conclusion

So, this was all about the road safety rules in India. Don’t you feel obliged to improve your country’s reputation in this aspect in front of the whole world? The government should do not everything.

If we are granted some fundamental rights, we must also adhere to the fundamental principles of safety and prosperity of the nation. Let’s take a pledge today that “I Will Follow Every Road Safety Rule” from today. Teach others about safety principles and spread the word.

What is the importance of road safety rules?

Road safety rules in India are meant to protect the individuals by teaching them to follow some basic driving rules. These rules are made according to the highest tenets of road safety and security across the globe. Following these rules, you will be able to protect yourself, your friends and family and everyone on the road. In short, the following safety rules in India saves lives.

How can we prevent road accidents?

It is very easy to prevent road accidents. You must follow the safety rules, especially those, which will prevent you from landing into any type of unwanted accidents and risk your life. This includes following speed limits, driving sober, not using the phone while driving, drive a safe car, always keep distance between two cars, do not take risky passes, always indicate before you want to take a turn.

What is road safety?

Road Safety is the term given to all those Road safety rules in India that are meant to protect the citizens and everybody who is travelling on the road. Safety arises from the implementation and execution of all the rules and regulations that help keep the roads safe. Furthermore, road safety also implies that the road itself is safer to drive on.

What are the New Traffic Rules in India?

Well, a wide gamut of new road safety rules in India were introduced in the nation with the passing of the Motor Vehicles Act, 2019. Under the new act, drunken drivers will be fined Rs. 10,000 and/or jail time of between 6 months to 2 years. Furthermore, driving without a license will invite a fine of Rs. 500 and/or jail of up to 3 months. Likewise, the new act has revamped the fine structure of many more offences and also added more jail time to each offence.

How to teach kids road safety?

Well, kids learn better with practical experience and visual stimulation. So, the best way to make them learn road safety is by taking them on the road and helping them see the real-world scenarios, (not accidents). But you can show them how the red and green lights work. Or how to cross the road, why to follow the zebra crossing. It would be great if you were to add fun to the learning process, which they can enjoy.

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