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How To Understand Blood Test Results

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Doctors usually ask for blood tests as a part of their routine diagnostic process. These blood tests are carried by pathology labs. After taking all the necessary blood samples the lab gives us a written or printed blood report.

Recently I had visited my doctor as I was not feeling well, and had symptoms such as restlessness and tiredness. The doctor carried out some physical examinations and advised me to get a hemoglobin test, blood sugar test and complete blood count.

The lab collected blood samples before meal and after meal and gave me a printed blood report with the various blood tests and values written. I went through it and learnt the importance of blood tests.

Ways to Understand Blood Test Lab Results

For every blood test there were some reference normal values written. The complete blood count test is done to count the presence of different types of cells present in blood, such as white blood cells, red blood cells and platelets.

Any increase or decrease of these cells in the blood can suggest an underlying infection, disease or pathology. White blood cells include neutrophils, lymphocytes, monocytes, basophils and eocinophils.

The hemoglobin test is done to measure amount of hemoglobin in our blood. It indicates the oxygen-carrying capacity of our blood to various organs.

If the value is lower than the normal reference level, it means you have either low Red Blood Cells (RBCs) or some abnormality in your RBCs.

If it is much higher than the normal reference level, it can indicate some other diseases or conditions.

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The Blood sugar test is done to measure sugar levels in blood before meals and after meals. Sugar levels increase when there is no insulin secretion in the body or there is resistance to insulin uptake by the cells in the body. Insulin moves sugar from the blood into cells either for storage or for energy production. There are many fundamentals of blood sugar tests.

In my blood report, hemoglobin levels were lower than normal. Sugar levels before meal and after meal were also high as compared to normal values.

In the complete blood count, red blood cells (RBCs) were less compared to normal values. Other white blood cells and platelets were normal. I went back to the doctor with my blood report and the doctor carefully read through the report.

He told me that I have anemia which means I have less hemoglobin flowing through my blood. Along with anemia I was also diagnosed with diabetes, as my fasting and after-meal sugar levels were high.

The doctor advised me to take iron supplements for 6 months and to also start medicines before lunch and dinner for controlling my sugar levels.

He also told me to increase consumption of iron-containing foods like lentils, beans, green vegetables, grains, nuts, beans, dry fruits, meat and egg.

The doctor advised me to take small meals throughout the day instead of having a few large meals. He also advised me to go for a regular morning walk or do exercise like yoga to manage my sugar levels.

It is not difficult to understand your blood report. However, don’t misinterpret it and panic. Never take decisions by your own.

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It is always better to consult with your doctor who will give you the proper guidance for treatment or additional diagnostic tests.

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