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Blood tests can be daunting for many individuals. Be it a complete CBC test or a routine diabetes test, people often get scared at the thought of getting themselves pierced by a needle for a blood test. If you have been diagnosed with a disease such as diabetes, it is essential for you to routinely monitor your sugar levels through regular sugar tests.

Here are some of the diabetes diagnosis tests and things to remember about them so that you can accurately monitor your blood sugar levels.

AC1 Test for Glycated Haemoglobin

This test measures the percentage of blood sugar attached to haemoglobin. This test is useful if your doctor wants to find more about your average blood sugar levels for the last three months.

Key Things to Remember

  • Fasting Required: No
  • Standard Reading: Below 5.7 (Normal)

Random Blood Sugar Test

The test can be conducted randomly anytime without requiring to fast or any other precaution. This gives a general idea about a patient being diabetic or not.

Key Things to Remember

  • Fasting Required: No
  • Standard Reading: Below 200 mg/dL

FPG Test

Fasting plasma glucose (FPG) test requires you to fast overnight before getting yourself tested. You must observe fasting for at least 8-12 hours before giving a blood sample, ideally for an accurate report.

Key Things to Remember

  • Fasting Required: Yes (8-12 hours or overnight)
  • Standard Reading: 100 mg/dL

Postprandial Glucose Test

This sugar test is conducted to check your body’s response to glucose levels. Generally, this test is conducted two hours after having breakfast.

Key Things to Remember

  • Fasting Required: No
  • Standard Reading: Less than 140 mg/dL

Oral Glucose Tolerance Test

This is an advanced level of sugar test that checks sugar levels two times. First, a patient is asked to fast overnight and fasting blood sugar is measured. Then he is asked to consume a sugary drink after which blood sugar levels are measured. This test is conducted in addition to a urine test to see if the body doesn’t have enough insulin to deal with the glucose.

Key Things to Remember

  • Fasting Required: Yes
  • Standard Reading: Different for both the tests

There are some other forms of sugar tests including initial glucose challenge test and follow up toleration testing that is conducted in case of gestational diabetes. If you have a history of diabetes in the family, it is better for you to have a test at routine intervals.

These days portable test kits for diabetes are available which you can use to check your diabetes levels at home. In case you experience any discrepancies from the standard readings, book a doctor appointment and take expert medical advice as soon as possible.

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